Combined Heat & Power
Combined Heat and Power Basics Combined heat and power (CHP), also known as cogeneration, is:
- The concurrent production of electricity or mechanical power and useful thermal energy (heating and/or cooling) from a single source of energy.
- A type of distributed generation, which, unlike central station generation, is located at or near the point of consumption.
- A suite of technologies that can use a variety of fuels to generate electricity or power at the point of use, allowing the heat that would normally be lost in the power generation process to be recovered to provide needed heating and/or cooling.
Benefits of CHP
CHP can Reduce 60% of CO2 Growth
Benefits of Combined Heat and Power Combined heat and power (CHP) positively impacts the health of local economies and supports national policy goals in a number of ways. Specifically, CHP can:
- Enhance our energy security by reducing our national energy requirements and help businesses weather energy price volatility and supply disruptions
- Advance our climate change and environmental goals by reducing emissions of CO2 and other pollutants
- Improve business competitiveness by increasing energy efficiency and managing costs
- Increase resiliency of our energy infrastructure by limiting congestion and offsetting transmission losses
- Diversify energy supply by enabling further integration of domestically produced and renewable fuels
- Improve energy efficiency by capturing heat that is normally wasted.
- Reduced annual energy consumption — about 5,300 trillion British thermal units (Btu)/year
- Total annual CO2 reduction — 848 million metric tons (MMT)
- Total annual carbon reduction — 231 MMT
- Acres of forest saved — 189 million acres
- Number of cars taken off the road — 154 million
- Leveraged additional private investments — $234 billion
- New jobs created — 1 million